Depression | Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Tips

Depression is classified as a mood disorder. It can be described as feelings of sadness,loss, or anger that interfere with a person’s everyday activities.People experience depression in different ways. This can hinder your daily work, resulting in less time and reduced productivity. It can also affect relationships and some chronic health conditions.These characteristics of severe depression, such as sadness or a persistent feeling of loss of interest, can lead to a number of practical and physical symptoms.

These may include changes in sleep, appetite, energy level, concentration, daily behavior, or self-esteem.Depression may also be associated with suicidal ideation.Depression is an ongoing problem, not a passing one. It consists of episodes during which symptoms last for at least 2 weeks. Depression can last for several weeks, months, or even years.

Causes Of Depression

There are many possible causes of depression. They can range from biological to circumstantial.

  • Family history– If you have a family history of depression or any other mood disorder, youare at greater risk for developing depression.
  • Childhood trauma– Certain events in your childhood affect the way your body reacts to fear and stressful situations.
  • Structure of the brain – If your brain’s frontal lobe is less active, you are at greater risk for depression. However, scientists do not know whether this happens before or after the onset of depressive symptoms.
  • Medical conditions– Certain conditions can put you at higher risk of depression, such a schronic illness, insomnia, chronic pain, or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
  • Drug use – A history of drug or alcohol abuse can affect your risk of depression.

Signs And Symptoms Of Depression

  • a sad mood.
  • Reduced interest in or pleasure in activities once enjoyed.
  • Loss of sexual desire.
  • Change in appetite.
  • Unintentional weight loss or gain.
  • Sleeping too much or too little.
  • Movement, restlessness, and pacing up and down.
  • Slow movement and speech.
  • Fatigue or loss of energy.
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt.
  • Difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions.
  • Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide or attempted suicide.
  • The patient of depression tries to isolate himself from family and crowded places.
  • The patient of depression is more attached to unhealthy food.

Types Of Depression

Depression can be broken down into categories based on the severity of symptoms. Some people experience mild and temporary episodes, while others experience severe and ongoing depressive episodes.

1). Major depressive disorder

This is a more severe form of depression. It is accompanied by persistent feelings ofsadness, hopelessness and worthlessness, which do not go away.

2). Persistent depressive disorder

This was called dysthymia. This is a mild, but chronic, form of depression.

Depression Treatment

Living with depression can be difficult, but treatment can improve your quality of life. Talk toyour doctor about possible options. You can recover with treatment.

1). Medications – You can overcome depression with the help of a doctor.Your doctor may prescribe antidepressant, antianxiety, antipsychotic medications.

2). Psychotherapy– Talking with a therapist can help you learn skills to deal with negative emotions.

3). Light therapy– Exposure to supplements of white light can help control your mood and improve symptoms of depression. Light therapy is commonly used in seasonal affective disorder, now called major depressive disorder with seasonal patterns.

Tips For Depression

  • Work according to your interest.
  • Give importance to yourself
  • Avoid thinking too much.
  • Spend time with friends, family.
  • Avoid loneliness.
  • Exercise.
  • Get out of the house.
  • Spend time in nature.
  • Stay away from toxic people.
  • Keep positive thinking.
  • Wake up in the morning and go for a walk, after that yoga and pranayama should be done.

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Praakriti is an editor and a published author. She has been in the digital media field for over five years. She graduated from Ranchi University, Ranchi, and has a Professional Certificate in Food, Nutrition & Research from Ranchi University. She has written over 250 articles about ingredients and their benefits for the skin, hair, and health. She specializes in dealing with health and lifestyle-based content, though she doesn't shy away from editing content from domains outside her comfort zone.

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